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Table 1 DMD Patients characteristics

From: Effects of steroids and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on circumferential strain in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance

Parameter Steroid Only (A)(n = 114 ) Steroid plus ACEI_ARB (B)(n = 92 ) P-value
Age (yrs) 10.0 ± 2.4 12.4 ± 3.2 <0.0001
Heart Rate (bpm) 101 ± 19 104 ± 15 0.2498
LVEDV (mL) 82.5 ± 21.8 86.7 ± 24.8 0.2023
LVM (g) 58.6 ± 19.4 62.1 ± 19.8 0.1031
EF (%) 64.2 ± 6.1 62.8 ± 7.5 0.1414
εcc (%) -13.8 ± 1.9 -12.8 ± 2.0 0.0004
Steroid dose (gram/kg/day) 0.7 ± 0.29 0.6 ± 0.22 0.4838
ACE-I dose (gram/kg/day) N/A 0.16 ± 0.08 N/A
ARB dose (gram/kg/day) N/A 0.73 ± 0.29 N/A
  1. Abbreviations: ACE-I = Angiontension Converting Enzyme Inhibitor, ARB = Angiotension Receptor Blocker, bpm = beat per minute, Clinic Prior to CMR = Previous Clinic Visit Documenting Medication and Dose Prior to Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study, DMD = Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, εcc = Circumferential Strain, EF = Ejection Fraction, LVEDV = Left Ventricular Endiastolic Volume, LVM = Left Ventricular Mass.