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A comparison of single-channel and multi-channel RF transmit coil for SSFP cine imaging at 3 Tesla


On high field MRI scanners uniform radio frequency (RF) excitation over the entire field-of-view (FOV) is often challenging with single-channel RF transmit coils. This may cause a reduction of image quality (e.g. shadowing artifacts). This problem is most pronounced in sequences that heavily rely on a homogenous magnetic field, such as steady state free precession (SSFP) sequences. Multi-channel RF transmission (Tx) has been shown to significantly improve the RF (B1 field) uniformity in high-field MRI. More accurate knowledge of the local B1 field also allows to better predicting the local specific absorption rate (SAR), thereby allowing for shorter repetition times (TR). Overall, this may allow for an improvement in image quality as a consequence of reduced artefact


The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the use of a multi-channel RF transmit coil can improve image quality of functional cine images compared to a conventional single-channel RF transmit coil


Twelve subjects (eight patients and four healthy volunteers) were scanned at 3 Tesla (Achieva, Philips, Netherlands), acquiring SSFP cine in the short and long axis with and without Tx. Patients were randomized to either Tx or not Tx. Volunteers were scanned with both sequences. Typical sequence parameters for Tx /not Tx were: TR 2.9/3.5, TE 1.4/1.8, Flip angle 45/45, 30 acquired phases, matrix size 256x256). A blinded, expert reviewer assessed the image quality of the cine images and late gadolinium enhancement and scored image quality as follows: 1. Not diagnostic; 2. Poor (Diagnostic on most segments but not all); 3, Good (Diagnostic but not perfect); 4. Excellent image quality.


Tx sequences offered a significantly higher image quality, both in patients and volunteers (see table 1). Figure 1 shows an example of images with and without the use of Tx.

Figure 1

Comparison of a 4-chamber view SSFP cine with multitransmit ON and OFF.

Table 1 Table 1


Multi-transmit RF transmission allows for an improved SAR model with a significant reduction of TR and improved B1 homogeneity, leading to improved image quality of SSFP cine images. This will allow improved evaluation of patients with the SSFP sequence at 3T.

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Correspondence to Shazia Hussain.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hussain, S., Chiribiri, A., Ishida, M. et al. A comparison of single-channel and multi-channel RF transmit coil for SSFP cine imaging at 3 Tesla. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13, O10 (2011).

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  • Image Quality
  • Radio Frequency
  • Late Gadolinium Enhancement
  • Steady State Free Precession
  • Improve Image Quality