Skip to main content

Prognostic value and determinants of a hypointense core in T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance in acute reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Introduction

A hypointense core of infarcted myocardium in T2-weighted CMR has been used as a noninvasive marker for intramyocardial hemorrhage and was related with adverse remodelling in recently published clinical trials. However, the clinical significance of such findings is not yet established.

Purpose

Aim of this study was to evaluate determinants and prognostic impact of a hypointense infarct core in T2-weighted cardiovascular MR (CMR) images, studied in patients after acute, reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods

We analyzed 346 STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty <12 hours after symptoms onset at 2 institutions in Germany and Canada. T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced CMR was used for assessment of the area-at-risk, myocardial salvage, infarct size, hypointense core in T2-weighted images and late microvascular obstruction (MO). Patients were categorized into 3 groups defined by the presence or absence of a hypointense core and also MO. Primary endpoint of the study was occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as death, reinfarction and congestive heart failure requiring hospital admission within 6 months after infarction.

Results

There were 3 groups of patients; patients with hypointense core plus MO (n=122), patients without hypointense core with MO (n=108), and patients without hypointense core and without MO (n=116). The extent of infarct size (r=0.61) and late MO (r=0.74) correlated significantly with the volumetric extent of the hypointense core (p<0.001, respectively). In a multivariable regression model adjusted for significant variables in univariable regression analysis, the extent of late MO (p<0.001), infarct size (p=0.01), and impaired ejection fraction (p=0.02) were the strongest predictors of hypointense cores.

The presence of a hypointense core was a strong univariable and multivariable predictor of MACE (hazard ratio: 2.59, confidence interval: 1.27-5.27). When using a 3-level categorical variable including 1) MO and hypointense core both present 2) MO only present; 3) No MO and no hypointense core present, a risk gradient across the 3 groups could be observed (16.4% versus 10.8% versus 3.6%, p=0.002; Figure 1).

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

A hypointense infarct core within the area at risk of reperfused infarcted myocardium in T2-weighted CMR is closely related to infarct size, MO and impaired left ventricular function with subsequent adverse clinical outcome.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Holger Thiele.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Thiele, H., Eitel, I., Kubusch, K. et al. Prognostic value and determinants of a hypointense core in T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance in acute reperfused ST-elevation myocardial infarction. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13, O85 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-13-S1-O85

Download citation

Keywords

  • Infarct Size
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Major Adverse Cardiovascular Event
  • Microvascular Obstruction
  • Impaired Left Ventricular Function