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Regadenoson is a better myocardial vasodilator than dipyridamole in normal volunteers, but the data is less compelling in patients
© Vasu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
- Published: 2 February 2011
- Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
- Myocardial Blood Flow
- Normal Volunteer
Regadenoson is a selective Adenosine-2A receptor agonist and is used for myocardial perfusion imaging. Dipyridamole causes indirect vasodilation by inhibiting cellular reuptake of adenosine. The purpose of this study was to assess whether regadenoson is a better coronary vasodilator than dipyridamole in normal volunteers and in patients.
Regadenoson causes a 25% higher myocardial blood flow (MBF) than dipyridamole.
Forty patients with normal coronaries/minimal stenosis on coronary CT angiography had also undergone vasodilator stress MR (regadenoson n=20, dipyridamole n=20). Seventeen healthy normal volunteers with Framingham score less than 1% underwent vasodilator stress testing with regadenoson and dipyridamole in two separate studies using a SSFP sequence. Stress imaging was done 70 seconds post regadenoson injection and 4 minutes after completing the dipyridamole infusion. All patients and volunteers received aminophylline after stress imaging. Rest imaging was done 20 minutes later. MBF in ml/min/g and Myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) were quantified using a fully quantitative model constrained deconvolution (MCD).
Regadenoson is a better coronary vasodilator than Dipyridamole in normal volunteers with higher MBF and MPR. However in patients, the small sample size in this study limits the sensitivity to detect differences in stress perfusion.
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