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Prediction of modifications in size and peri-infarct zone by T2-imaging after an acute myocardial infarction during longitudinal follow-up by cardiac MRI
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 13, Article number: P150 (2011)
Fat suppressed T2-weighted black blood turbo spin echo (BBTSE) imaging can detect myocardial edema developed after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and characterize the extent of myocardium at risk in comparison to late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging.
We hypothesized that T2-extent at baseline and changes during follow-up are associated with dynamic changes of infarct heterogeneity during the convalescence phase of infarct healing. We further explored the strength of association in quantifying T2-based myocardial edema, using a semi-automated method and manual tracing.
Fifty-one patients (40 men) underwent 3T cardiac MRI both at 18±10 days and 7.7±1.1 months after an acute MI, including: 3 short-axis slices of T2-weighted fat-suppressed BBTSE, LV function assessment by SSFP and LGE imaging. Area of hyperintensity on T2 images was assessed by a semi-automated method using a threshold of mean signal intensity in the remote ROI ± 2 SD and by manual tracing. In further analyses, correlations of T2 extent, expressed as the percentage of total myocardium, and other MRI results were assessed by Spearman correlation.
Correlations between the T2 extent, LV parameters, infarct heterogeneity and their respective changes are displayed in the table. At baseline, hyperintense T2 myocardium was demonstrated in 50 patients (98%) and represented 20.5±14.0% of total myocardium. Baseline T2 size was inversely correlated with LVEF and was directly correlated with total MI size. Hyperintense T2 areas persisted in 12 patients (24%) at follow-up. Manual-tracing was correlated well with the semi-automated method (Spearman’s rho 0.84; P<0.0001). Table 1
T2 extent early after an MI is a predictor of shrinkage of infarct size and regression of the PIZ.
While the clinical significance of persistent hyperintense T2 areas after initial infarct healing remains unknown, resolution of infarct edema by T2 imaging appears to be associated with a reduction of the periinfarct zone of LGE. Edema measurement by manual drawing was consistent with the 2SD threshold method and is a reliable quantitative method.
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Mandry, D., Heydari, B., Abdullah, S. et al. Prediction of modifications in size and peri-infarct zone by T2-imaging after an acute myocardial infarction during longitudinal follow-up by cardiac MRI. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13, P150 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-13-S1-P150
- Acute Myocardial Infarction
- Late Gadolinium Enhancement
- Myocardial Edema
- Late Gadolinium Enhancement Imaging
- Infarct Healing