Skip to main content

The Feed and Sleep method: how to perform a cardiac MRI in the 1st year of life without the need for General Anesthesia


MRI in small children as a general rule necessitates the use of general anesthesia. We describe our initial results with a new technique which we name the feed and sleep method whereby an infant can undergo a Cardiac MRI without the need for general anesthesia or sedation.


The infant is starved for 4 hours prior to the scan and is then fed by his mother prior to the scan. He is then swaddled with 1 to 2 infant sheets before placed within a vacuum-bag immobilizer. As air is removed from the bag, the immobilizer becomes a rigid cradle that fits the infant’s body. We prioritize the sequences to target the area of importance first according to the purposes of the study and in the order of clinical importance.


Between Jan and July 2010 a total of 12 infants median age 14 days (minimum 2 days maximum 150 days ) have undergone CMR studies via this method. All were performed successfully with no distress to the infant. The average scan time was 45.5 min (minimum 24, maximum 65 min). All had complex congenital heart defects (Table 1) and all planned sequences were able to be acquired ensuring the scans were of sufficient quality to allow accurate diagnosis and to plan appropriate future surgery.

Table 1 Table 1


Using this technique infants under the age of 6 months can complete a cardiovascular MRI, without the need for general anesthesia. We advocate the incorporation of this safe and reliable technique into routine clinical practice.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jonathan D Windram.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Windram, J.D., Grosse-Wortmann, L., Shariat, M. et al. The Feed and Sleep method: how to perform a cardiac MRI in the 1st year of life without the need for General Anesthesia. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13, P224 (2011).

Download citation


  • Clinical Practice
  • General Anesthesia
  • Congenital Heart
  • General Rule
  • Accurate Diagnosis