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Ultrafast in-line interactive m-mode tool for quantification of left-ventricular (LV) septo-lateral wall motion (SLWM) from high-temporal resolution (6-12ms) cardiac cine steady-state free precession (SSFP) images
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 13, Article number: P37 (2011)
While conventional temporal resolution on the order of 30-50 ms is sufficient for calculating LV functional metrics such as global ejection fraction (EF), it is insufficient to accurately capture subtle regional wall motion dyssynchrony. A higher frame-rate cine imaging, e.g., 100 fps imposes an undue burden on the manual segmentation, precluding more sophisticated analyses, e.g., measurement of SLWM delays. A robust algorithm that inscribes papillary and trabeculae as LV cavity is a necessary pre-requisite for such an analysis.
To present a high-temporal resolution cine MR imaging method, as well as an ultra-fast, inline M-Mode analysis tool that can measure SLWM delays interactively on the scanner console.
All imaging and analysis was done on a standard clinical 1.5T scanner (Achieva, Philips) with a 32channel coil.
16(11m,35±8yrs) asymptomatic volunteers and 10(6m,52±17 yrs) clinical patients.
voxel: 2x2x8 mm3, temporal resolution 5.6-12 ms; TR/TE/flip=2.8-3 ms/1.4-1.5 ms/55deg; time=18 heart-beats/slice, SENSE-factor=3.
The processing and analysis steps included: 1) automatic endocardial LV contour delineation for all the cine phases [JCMR 2010;12:O48]; 2) M-mode representation of the LV with overlay of: end-systolic(ES) phase, the onset of peak contraction for septal and lateral wall, and LV centroid.
The user interactively probes the SLWM by prescribing a line, and the corresponding M-mode display is automatically marked with various indices such as time to ES, onset of peak contraction for septal and lateral wall, and percent radial contraction (see Figure 1 and legend for representative results). The total processing time including LV segmentation is less than 1sec per slice for all phases.
Our results show that LV centroid motion is a less sensitive metric than the measurement of the onset of peak wall motion contraction. Our temporal resolution was sufficient to measure the time difference between the onset of peak contraction for septal and lateral wall (30±31 msec) even in asymptomatic volunteers.
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Pednekar, A., Arena, C., Swaab, J. et al. Ultrafast in-line interactive m-mode tool for quantification of left-ventricular (LV) septo-lateral wall motion (SLWM) from high-temporal resolution (6-12ms) cardiac cine steady-state free precession (SSFP) images. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13 (Suppl 1), P37 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-13-S1-P37
- Wall Motion
- Asymptomatic Volunteer
- Global Ejection Fraction
- Undue Burden
- Radial Contraction