Free-breathing late gadolinium enhancement CMR with a fixed short scan time using CosMo
© Moghari et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 1 February 2012
To evaluate the performance of compressed sensing for motion correction (CosMo)  in compensating the respiratory motion of the heart in 3D late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) CMR.
Diaphragmatic navigators are used to reduce the artifacts caused by the respiratory motion of the heart, but this approach prolongs scan acquisition time by a factor of 2-3 . Long scan times impede acquisition of high resolution LGE and degrade image quality due to contrast washout and imperfect inversion time .
CosMo was implemented on a Philips 1.5T CMR system to prospectively acquire high resolution undersampled k-space LGE. The inner 10% of k-space is acquired within a 7 mm gating window. The rest of k-space is acquired without gating to finish the scan in a fixed time. Retrospectively, the k-space data acquired outside the gating window is discarded to generate the undersampled k-space. The discarded k-space is estimated using compressed sensing [4, 5] to generate the images. In vivo studies were conducted on 10 healthy subjects (6 female, 30.1 ± 16.8 yr) and 9 patients (6 male, 56.8 ± 11.7 yr). The 3D LGE were acquired using the CosMo and following imaging parameters: TE/TR/α = 2.4 ms/5.2 ms/25°, spatial resolution of 1.7×1.7×1.7 mm3. The images were graded by consensus of two expert readers in terms of diagnostic value, based on a 2-point scale (1-yes; 2-no), and respiratory motion artifacts, based on a 4-point scale (1-severe; 4-none).
3D LGE with CosMo allows for reduced scan time and isotropic spatial resolution.
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