- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Real time MRI pulse wave velocity for exercise stress testing
© Roberts et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
- Published: 1 February 2012
- Pulse Wave Velocity
- Central Pressure
- Pulsatile Flow
- Exercise Stress Testing
- Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been established as an independent predictor of CVD and has been shown to increase with age and pathology. PWV measurement during exercise stress testing may provide useful information beyond that seen in the resting state on the progression of disease. We sought to develop a system and protocol for the measurement of PWV and LV function in exercise.
LV function was assessed by reduced-slice guide-point modelling from 6 SA slices and 2 LA slices acquired using a tGRAPPA accelerated SSFP sequence, as previously validated . Two slices were acquired per breath-hold with a breath-hold duration of 5-8 sec. PWV was acquired in real time at 7.8 msec temporal resolution between two slices located at the pulmonary bifurcation and just above the renal and superior mesenteric arteries, using a RACE flow sensitive sequence . Phase maps were processed to remove stationary tissue signal  and flow velocity extracted from the selected region of interest. PWV was estimated from the foot to foot time of the velocity wave and distance between slices. PWV estimation was validated in a flexible hose phantom with a pulsatile flow pump against pressure recordings. Exercise within the scanner was achieved with a custom-built MRI compatible cycle ergometer fixed to the patient table. 19 healthy volunteers age 22 to 73 years (11 male) exercised to a work rate of 34±11 W in order to increase their resting heart rate by ~30 bpm. Motion was suspended for each breath-hold acquisition. This was repeated four times for complete LV function, and two times for PWV capturing 10-20 beats. PWV was calculated for each beat and averaged. Central pressures were estimated using a PulseCor brachial cuff pressure system.
PWV and LV function at rest and after exercise
Pulse Wave Velocity
Central Systolic BP
PWV and LV function during exercise stress testing can be performed in just six breath-hold acquisitions of 5-8 sec duration. Both central pressure and PWV were elevated in exercise, with greater elevations in older subjects.
Project funding was provided by Health Research Council of New Zealand and the National Heart Foundation of New Zealand.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.