- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Simultaneous measurement of blood-flow velocity and regional wall motion with phase unwrapping
© Liu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
- Published: 1 February 2012
- Blood Flow Velocity
- Regional Wall Motion
- Phase Unwrap
- Tissue Velocity
- VENC Setting
In this study we offer a unique approach to achieve simultaneous evaluation of tissue and blood flow velocities from a single “low-VENC” image dataset (i.e.: prescribed for measurement of tissue velocities). A novel phase unwrapping algorithm is tested for this purpose.
Doppler echocardiography-based techniques are routinely used to assess the heart and ventricular function by measuring blood flow and cardiac tissue velocity profiles. While these measures may similarly be obtained by phase contrast MRI, each require separate acquisitions and subsequent analysis to accommodate for vastly different velocities and therefore velocity encoding (VENC) values.
MR imaging was performed on a 3.0-T whole-body scanner (MR 750, GE Medical Systems). Phase-contrast images with through-plane velocity-encoding were acquired in the short-axis plane with a retrospectively triggered 2D fast cine phase contrast pulse sequence (TR/TE, 7.3/4.4 ms; flip angle, 15 degree, slice thickness 8 mm) with first-order flow compensation in all dimensions to minimize artifacts from flow and motion. Three VENCs - 75, 20 and 10 cm/s - were used and the images acquired with VENC = 75 cm/s were used as a reference. The acquisition time (per VENC) was about 15 seconds, enabling acquisition within a single breath-hold. Thirty images were reconstructed per cardiac cycle. Phase unwrapping of the velocity data was achieved using an algorithm developed in our lab, which uses an orthogonal recursive approach to remove streaks that result following conventional 2D phase unwrapping.
Our preliminary results suggest that phase unwrapping using an orthogonal recursive technique can resolve phase wrap artifact from datasets acquired at VENC settings as low as 20 cm/s. This approach allows for simultaneous quantification of tissue and blood flow velocities within a single image acquisition and may be of value for the rapid assessment of diastolic dysfunction and left atrial pressures.
Partial Ontario Research Fund and NSERC.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.