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The UK GenScan study - population-based imaging genetics research using 3D Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
© de Marvao et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 30 January 2013
Cardiac structure and function results from complex interactions between genes, molecular regulators and environmental factors. Until recently, imaging-genetics studies had limited power as standard methods of cardiac phenotyping rely on global indices of mass and function, providing only macroscopic descriptors. Manual analysis of large cohorts is time consuming and subject to inter-observer variability.
Current cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) cine imaging techniques are limited by poor through-plane resolution. Here we present a high resolution 3D left ventricular atlas with automated segmentation.
Subjects: healthy volunteers (19), patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (5) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) (5) from the Genetic Studies of the Heart and Circulation (GenScan) study. Ten volunteers had two studies to assess repeatability. A further five healthy volunteers were imaged to create the atlas.
Subjects underwent CMR using a 1.5T Philips Achieva system with a 32 element cardiac phased-array coil. Short axis SSFP images were acquired: 2D: voxel size 2.0 x 2.2 x 8.0 mm, 12 sections, two sections per breath-hold, slice thickness 8 mm with 2 mm gap, 30 cardiac phases. 3D: single breath-hold 3D b-SSFP volumes: voxel size 2 x 2 x 4 mm (reconstructed to 2 x 2 x 2 mm), 48 sections, 20 cardiac phases, SENSE factor 4.
2D manual volumes (geometric means and 95% CIs) were similar to 3D automated volumes. LV end-diastolic volumes - 154mLs (141-169mLs) vs 156mLs (143-169mLs). Differences not statistically significant (one sample t-test, t=0.681, p=0.50). Mean automated volumetry (expressed as percentage of the whole) was 1% greater than 2D manual volumetry.
High spatial resolution 3D cine imaging provides accurate assessment of LV volumes and mass and enables single breath-hold cardiac phenotyping. Co-registration permits pooling of data from large cohorts and is effective for voxel-wise statistical comparisons of wall thickness. This technique will be used for mapping the effect of genetic variants on regional function, morphology and strain in a high-throughput population based study.
Supported by the Medical Research Council, Imperial College Biomedical Research Centre and the British Heart Foundation.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.