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- Open Access
Transmural heterogeneity of microstructural remodeling in pacing induced heart failure measured by diffusion tensor MRI
© Kung et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
- Published: 30 January 2013
- Fractional Anisotropy
- Invariant Data
- Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Epicardial Pace
- Pace Induce Heart Failure
Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) enables 3D evaluation of whole heart microstructure. DT invariants evaluate microstructural remodeling by quantifying trace (increases with decreasing cellularity), fractional anisotropy (FA, decreases with increasing fibrosis), and tissue mode (decreases with increasing fiber disarray) . We have shown that DT invariant data identifies significant global microstructural remodeling (increase in trace and decrease in FA) in the pacing induced heart failure (HF) model . The objective of this study was to quantify transmural microstructural remodeling between normal and HF myocardium using DT invariants.
HF was induced in 10-12 month old New Zealand White female rabbits (N=8) with an epicardial pacing lead placed in the lateral LV wall and tachycardia pacing at 250 beats per minute (bpm) for 3 days, 300 bpm for 3 days, and 350 bpm for 3-4 weeks. Normal weight matched rabbits (N=5) served as controls (CNTL). Hearts were excised, formalin fixed, and DT-MRI was performed on a 7T scanner (Bruker, Billerica, MA) (24 diffusion gradient directions, 6 nulls, TE/TR=30/500 ms, b-value=1000 s/mm2, 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.75 mm resolution). Trace, FA, and mode were segmented into epicardial, midwall, and endocardial regions. Bootstrapped histograms with 95% confidence intervals (95%-CIs) of the de-correlated (via decimation by the auto-correlation length) and segmented invariant data were defined to make statistical comparisons of non-Gaussian datasets tractable. Two-group comparisons of median invariant data of each heart were used to test for significant differences (p < 0.05) between HF and CNTL in each transmural region.
DT invariant data indentify statistically significant microstructural remodeling in the pacing induced HF model within epicardial, midwall, and endocardial regions.
Kung - AHA Grant 12PRE9160024, Chen - NIH Grants P01HL78931, R01HL78932, a Medtronic-Zipes Endowment and the Indiana University-Indiana School of Medicine Strategic Research Initiative.
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