Diagnostic accuracy of the core components of a multi-parametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging protocol: a CE-MARC sub-study
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 16, Article number: O19 (2014)
The CE-MARC study was the largest prospective evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in coronary artery disease (CAD), demonstrating its superiority over single-photon emission computed tomography . The trial adopted a multi-parametric protocol assessing ventricular function, myocardial perfusion, viability (with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)) and coronary artery anatomy. There have been a number of previous studies analysing the diagnostic accuracy of different components of the CMR examination with contrasting results. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the individual components and selected combinations of the multi-parametric CMR examination from the CE-MARC study.
All patients from the CE-MARC population were studied. Visual CMR analyses were from the original, blinded read. Pre-specified sub-analysis of the four individual core components of the CMR protocol was performed in isolation, as a paired component (perfusion and LGE) and as a triplet (perfusion, LGE and ventricular function) and compared to the full multi-parametric protocol.
Both CMR and X-ray angiography were available in 676 patients. The sensitivity of the combined CMR protocol was 86.5%, specificity 83.4%, PPV 77.2% and NPV 90.5%. The diagnostic accuracy of the individual components and paired and triplet combinations compared to the full multi-parametric protocol are presented in Table 1 and Figure 1. The maximum sensitivity for the detection of significant CAD by CMR was achieved when all four components were used. No individual component; paired perfusion with LGE; or perfusion with LGE and function significantly outperformed the multi-parametric protocol in terms of sensitivity. However in terms specificity, the individual components of perfusion, ventricular function and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) all performed significantly better than the multi-parametric protocol (P < 0.0001). In addition, combining LGE with perfusion or with perfusion and ventricular function significantly improved the test specificity compared to the multi-parametric protocol (P < 0.0001 for each). In terms of PPV and NPV, the multi-parametric protocol performed significantly better than all individual components, paired or triplet combination.
A combined multi-parametric CMR protocol has higher sensitivity, PPV and NPV that the individual components however the specificity of the individual components of perfusion, ventricular function and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) all performed significantly better than the multi-parametric protocol.
This study was funded by the British Heart Foundation (RG/05/004). J.P.G and S.P. received research grant from Philips Healthcare. S.P. is funded by a British Heart Foundation fellowship (FS/10/62/28409).
Greenwood JP, Maredia N, Younger JF, Brown JM, Nixon J, Everett CC, et al: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance and single-photon emission computed tomography for diagnosis of coronary heart disease (CE-MARC): a prospective trial. Lancet. 2012, 379 (9814): 453-60. 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61335-4.
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Greenwood, J.P., Ripley, D.P., Motwani, M. et al. Diagnostic accuracy of the core components of a multi-parametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging protocol: a CE-MARC sub-study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16 (Suppl 1), O19 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-O19