Quantification of diffuse myocardial fibrosis in patients with resistant hypertension undergoing renal denervation versus hypertensive controls - preliminary results
© Doltra et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 16 January 2014
Renal Denervation (RDN) is a novel therapy for patients with resistant hypertension. Its cardiac effects at follow-up are currently unknown. On the other hand, T1 mapping permits the assessment of myocardial extracellular volume (ECV), a parameter proposed to quantify diffuse myocardial fibrosis and independently associated with mortality and hard cardiovascular events. Our aim was to study the effects of RDN on ECV at 6-month follow-up.
14 patients with resistant hypertension undergoing RD (RD group) and 4 resistant hypertensive patients not undergoing RD (control group) were prospectively included. A 1.5T cardiac MR including T1 mapping pre- and post-contrast was performed before the RD procedure and at 6-month follow-up in both groups. Blood hematocrit was determined at both time points. Images were post-processed using commercial software (Qmass, Medis Medical Solutions, the Netherlands), and whole left ventricle (LV) ECV and septal ECV at baseline and at 6-month follow-up were quantified as follows: ECV = (1-hematocrit) * λ, where λ = (1/T1 myocardium post-contrast - 1/T1 myocardium pre-contrast)/(1/T1 blood post-contrast - 1/T1 blood pre-contrast).
Extracellular space could increase at follow-up in non-RDN patients, potentially reflecting a progressive increase in myocardial fibrosis content. This effect is not observed in RDN patients, suggesting a beneficial effect of RDN in delaying this fibrotic progression. Our results are preliminary and need to be confirmed in a larger population.
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