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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance follow-up of the Marfan's thoracic aorta after personalized external aortic root support surgery
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 16, Article number: P116 (2014)
Recently, personalized external aortic root support (PEARS) has been proposed as an alternative prophylactic surgery to prevent dilatation of the aortic root and dissection in Marfan syndrome patients. Briefly, a model of each patient's aortic root and ascending aorta is created based on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images. The model is then used to produce a bespoke external aortic root support made up of polymer mesh for each patient ready for surgical implantation. The surgery is quicker than conventional aortic root replacement without the need for cardiopulmonary bypass or circulatory arrest. In addition, the blood endothelium interface is not interrupted and the native aortic valve is preserved obviating the need for life-long anticoagulation. Early positive result have been acknowledged in a recent NICE guidance document[2, 3]. The aim of this study is to assess long term changes in aortic dimensions following PEARS surgery.
27 patients with Marfan syndrome had PEARS surgery between 2004 and 2012 at the Royal Brompton Hospital. 24 of these patients had regular follow-up CMR examinations before and after surgery and formed the study group. Aortic size measurements were as follows: 1- aortic annulus diameter, 2- three commissure to cusp diameters of sinus Valsalva measured from a transverse section of the aorta at the level of aortic valve leaflet closure, 3- area of sinus Valsalva, 4- ascending and 5- descending aorta diameters at the level of right pulmonary artery and 6-aortic arch diameter. Aortic size measurements immediately before surgery and at the latest follow-up were compared. All measurements were performed randomly and blinded
The follow-up studies were performed 51.6 ± 26.4 months after surgery (median 50.5 months, range 8-101 and interquartile range 25.5-72 months). The results are tabulated in Table 1. There was a slight but significant decrease in commissure-cusp diameters in follow-up (mean -0.8 ± 2.5 mm, range -7 - +3 and IQ range -3 - +1 mm), though the other index of aortic root size, sinus Valsalva area was unchanged. Hence the aortic root size was held stable without any significant increase in follow-up after PEARS surgery (Figure 1). There was no significant change in aortic annulus, ascending aorta and aortic arch diameters. However there was slight but significant increase in descending aorta diameter.
This study demonstrates the long term effectiveness of PEARS surgery in preventing progressive aortic root dilatation in Marfan syndrome patients.
Pepper J, et al: Multimedia Manual of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. 2013, doi:10.1093/mmcts/mmt004 published online 20 March
Pepper J, et al: Interact CardiovascThorac Surg. 2010, 10: 360-5.
Treasure T, et al: Heart. 2012, 98: 65-8. 10.1136/heartjnl-2011-301017.
We would like to thank Mr Tal Golesworthy, Professor Tom Treasure and Professor John Pepper for their contributions to this study.
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Izgi, C., Nyktari, E. & Mohiaddin, R. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance follow-up of the Marfan's thoracic aorta after personalized external aortic root support surgery. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16, P116 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-P116
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
- Aortic Root
- Marfan Syndrome
- Aortic Annulus