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Age-gender normal values of native and post-contrast myocardial T1 relaxation times (lambda) on 1.5T and 3T using MOLLI: a multicenter, single vendor cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201416 (Suppl 1) :P23

  • Published:


  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study
  • National Health Service Foundation
  • Single Vendor
  • Septal Myocardium


Myocardial T1 mapping is emerging as a promising means to non-invasively discriminate between normal and diseased myocardium. We have shown that T1 measurements perfromed conservatively within the septal myocardium are reproducible and accurate with excellent discriminatory ability between normal and abnormal myocardium. Using this approach we aimed to determine age and gender related normal values at clinically used field strengths, 1.5 Tesla (T) and 3T, in a multi centre and single vendor study.


We recruited normotensive subjects with no cardiovascular risk factors, low pretest probability of cardiovascular or systemic disease, taking no regular medication and subsequently, a normal CMR study (normal LV volumes, mass and no LGE), underwent native and post-contrast T1 imaging with modified look-locker inversion recovery (MOLLI; 3,3,5) either at 1.5T or 3T (Achieva, Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands). Parameters for native and post-contrast MOLLI were identical (FOV 320 × 320; TR/TE/flip-angle: 3.3 ms/1.57 ms/50°, interpolated voxel size 0.9 × 0.9 × 8 mm, phase encoding steps n = 166, HR adapted trigger delay, with 11 (3-3-5) phase sampling arrangements. Adiabatic pre-pulse was used to achieve complete inversion. Septal ROIs were automatically propagated across all eleven images in the MOLLI sequence with a prior image- co-registration step for motion-correction (figure).


Two-hundred and thirty subjects were enrolled (age (years) median:43 (17-75), male: n = 118, 51%, 1.5T vs. 3T: n = 114 vs. 116. Mean (min-max; SD) T1 values (msec) per field strength were: native T1: 954 (896-997; 23) and 1052 (1001-1099; 27); post contrast T1: 400 (303-546; 59), lambda (%): 43 (29-72;9). There were no differences for gender or association with age for any of the T1 values or derivatives (Figure 1, 2).

Figure 1

Figure 2


We report normal values for T1 values and derivatives, based on 3'3'5MOLLI sequence and using conservative septal sampling approach approach. We demonstrate no age or gender related differences at either field strengths.


We would like to acknowledge Department of Health via the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre award to Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust in partnership with King's College London and King's College Hospital National Health Service Foundation Trust.

Authors’ Affiliations

King's College London, London, UK
Philips Healthcare, Guilford, UK
Leeds University, Leeds, UK
German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
St Vincent University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia


© Dabir et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.