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- Open Access
Comprehensive characterization of cardiac morphology and function in adult patients with phenylketonuria using CMR
© Hassel et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
- Published: 16 January 2014
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Left Ventricular Mass
- Cardiac Involvement
- Left Ventricular Mass Index
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is one of the most common inherited metabolic disorders. The molecular pathway of neurological damage is not yet sufficiently understood. To date, there is a lack information about cardiac involvement related to the disease. This study aims to characterize cardiac morphology and function in adult patients with PKU using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).
28 patients with PKU (age 30 ± 9 years/mean ± SD) underwent a comprehensive CMR protocol at a 1.5T CMR scanner (Philips, Achieva) including assessment of left ventricular (LV) volume and mass. In addition, T1 measurements pre- and post-administration of gadolinium for evaluation of extra corpuscular volume (ECV) and tagging for quantitative analysis of left ventricular circumferential strain (Ecc) were performed. 8 healthy age-matched volunteers underwent a similar protocol and served as controls for the ECV values. LV parameters and Ecc were compared to reference values from previous studies with similar data setup [1–3].
The results of this study indicate that in PKU patients compared to healthy controls LV mass indexed to BSA is reduced to the reference values; we found increased average Ecc parameters and normal ECV values. Further investigations in larger patient groups and older PKU patients are necessary for evaluation of cardiac involvement of the disease over time and its consequences.
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