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Interobserver reproducibility of fully quantitative pixel-wise analysis of clinical CMR perfusion imaging
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 16, Article number: P350 (2014)
Quantitative first pass cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) perfusion imaging has shown excellent interobserver agreement at a sector level in healthy volunteers and patients. In this study, we compare the myocardial blood flow (MBF) estimates in sector-wise and pixel-wise analysis. We also study the interobserver variability in pixel-wise MBF estimates from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
First pass CMR imaging was performed on 29 patients with known or suspected CAD (15 females, age 54.9 ± 14.3 years). Twenty of the patients, defined as the normal group, had minimal or no stenosis ( < 30% by computed tomographic angiogram) and nine patients, defined as the CAD group, had significant CAD ( > 70% stenosis by invasive coronary angiography). All patients were scanned on a 1.5T scanner using a steady state free precession imaging sequence for regadenoson stress perfusion followed by rest perfusion 20 minutes later. Two observers independently traced the myocardial regions of interest in the mid-ventricular slice and quantified the MBF in sector-wise and pixel-wise analyses by a model-constrained deconvolution approach. Pixel-wise MBF estimates were averaged to six transmural sectors to compare with sector-wise analysis. Pearson correlation, Bland-Altman analysis, and paired student t-test were used to compare the results.
There was excellent correlation between pixel-wise vs. sector-wise MBF quantification for the 20 normal and nine CAD patients (Figure 1). In both patient groups, Bland-Altman analysis showed no significant bias between the two methods of quantification (mean bias from 0.01 to 0.12 ml/min/g). Limits of agreement were good (2SD range from 0.26 to 0.98 ml/min/g, p = NS for all comparison). Interobserver agreement of pixel-wise MBF was excellent for both normal and CAD groups (Figure 2). The interobserver agreement was good (2SD range from 0.38 to 0.96 ml/min/g, p = NS for all comparisons) with no significant interobserver bias (mean bias from 0.02 to 0.15 ml/min/g). The stress MBF in the ischemic zone of patients with > 70% stenosis was 1.72 ± 0.75 ml/min/g by pixel-wise analysis which was significantly lower than remote MBF (2.85 ± 0.74 ml/min/g, p < 0.001).
Clinical first pass CMR perfusion can be quantified at the pixel level and the results agree well with sector-wise comparison. There is an excellent interobserver agreement in pixel-wise quantification of patients with CAD.
This research was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health.
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Conn, H., Hsu, LY., Winkler, S. et al. Interobserver reproducibility of fully quantitative pixel-wise analysis of clinical CMR perfusion imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16, P350 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-P350
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
- Myocardial Blood Flow
- Invasive Coronary Angiography
- Coronary Artery Disease Group