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Myocardial strain analysis in patients with Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction using bright blood cine MR images: A comparison with speckle-tracking echocardiography

Background

Changes in myocardial strain parameters is of interest in patients with heart failure as an objective measure of disease severity. Speckle-tracking echocardiography (ST-echo) is the accepted standard of reference for myocardial strain analysis given superior temporal resolution; however, difficult acoustic windows and limited contrast to noise resolution can limit strain analysis. Preliminary work using deformation field analysis at steady state free precession (SSFP) cine MR imaging has shown that strain analysis at CMR is similar between conventional and highly accelerated GRAPPA cine acquisitions. The purpose of this study is to compare the strain values in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF, left ventricular ejection fraction >50%) at SSFP cine MRI with ST-echo.

Methods

Retrospective analysis of Cardiac MR and echocardiographic images from 15 patients (5 men, avg age 61.2 yrs) with HFpEF. Cardiac MR images were obtained at 1.5 T (MAGNETOM Avanto, Siemens Medical Systems, Erlangen, AG) using GRAPPA factor 2 acceleration (temp res = 39.2 msec, spatial res = 1.5 × 1.5 mm, thickness = 6 mm). Myocardial strain analysis at Cardiac MR was performed using prototype software calculating Lagrangian strain from deformation field analysis (Siemens Corp, Corporate Technology, Princeton, NJ). Transthoracic echocardiography exams included apical 4-chamber and mid-ventricular short axis views. Left ventricular (LV) mid ventricular average and peak systolic radial and circumferential strains as well as longitudinal strain data was calculated. Peak and average right ventricular (RV) longitudinal strain was also obtained. CMR and ST-Echo derived strain indices were compared using the Pearson correlation. Inter and intraobserver variance was assessed for CMR-derived RV and LV longitudinal strain analysis using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).

Results

Myocardial strain analysis was feasible in all patients with both imaging modalities. There was moderate-strong correlation between CMR and ST-Echo (Figure 1) as follows: LV radial strain (R = 0.79, p = 0.0004), LV circumferential strain (R = 0.69, p = 0.005), and LV longitudinal strain (R = 0.55, p = 0.03). Fair correlation was noted for RV longitudinal strain (R = 0.46, p = 0.09). Both inter- and intraobserver reproducibility was excellent (Table 1).

Figure 1
figure1

Correlation plots comparing CMR determined Lagrangian strains with those at ST-echo. ST-echo: speckle-tracking echocardiography, CMR: Cardiac MR.

Table 1 ICC values demonstrating reproducibility of LV and RV longitudinal CMR strain analysis.

Conclusions

Although there is a good correlation between CMR derived and ST-echo derived strain analysis in HFpEF patients, the two modalities are not interchangeable and greater standardization is required. Ongoing work using accelerated high temporal resolution SSFP CMR cine acquisitions suggests improved peak strain resolution, which may improve agreement with ST-echo.

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Correspondence to Peter M Smith.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Smith, P.M., Daruwalla, V., Freed, B.H. et al. Myocardial strain analysis in patients with Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction using bright blood cine MR images: A comparison with speckle-tracking echocardiography. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16, P71 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-P71

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Keywords

  • Right Ventricular
  • Steady State Free Precession
  • Preserve Ejection Fraction
  • Cine Acquisition
  • Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain