Skip to main content
  • Poster presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

Multi-ethnic evaluation of fully automatic planning assist system for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging


We have been developing an automatic planning assist system for coach adjustment, local shimming scan plan, axial multi slice scan plan for slice-alignment, and whole-heart MR imaging plan (motion probes and an axial slab of main scan) [1,2]. However, the previous reposts of the system evaluated only Japanese patient's and healthy volunteer's datasets. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy for multi-ethnic datasets based on the inter-observer error in manual annotation.


An ECG-non-gated 3D fast field echo (FFE) single volume covering the entire chest area was acquired using a 1.5-T MRI scanner (Excelart VantageTM powered by Atlas, Toshiba Medical Systems) during a single breath-hold with TR/TE = 3.7/1.3, FOV = 500 × 350 × 350 mm 3 (coronal slab), and readout/phase/slice encode steps = 256/64/35 in an acquisition time of approximately 9 seconds. The proposed system employs an accurate and quick registration technique, the input volume is registered to a prepared model volume which is a well-rounded physical-size. By the registration, the cardiac region and the top of the right hemidiaphragm position of the input volume were detected because the prepared model volume has correct information of the region and the position. The detected region was used for settings of coach adjustment, local shimming scan plan, multi slice scan plan and whole-heart MR imaging scan plan (an axial slab of main scan). The detedted position was used for motion probes setting in whole-heart MR imaging. In order to evaluate detection results, the Euclidean distance errors of the six sides of the circumscribed cuboids of the cardiac region and the position of the top of the right hemidiaphragm between detection results and manual annotations were measured. In addition, the inter-observer errors between two manual annotations were measured.


The proposed method was performed in 32 datasets from 32 Japanese patients, and 31 datasets from 31 American patients and there were no undetectable subjects. An example of the detection results and the average and standard deviation of the distance and inter-observer errors are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, respectively. The processing time was about 1.6 seconds on a 2.5 GHz CPU.

Figure 1
figure 1

Example of the detection results for American clinical data.

Figure 2
figure 2

Average and standard deviation (SD) of the Euclid distance errors.


The proposed system is useful for a variety of ethnic groups.


No funding was received for this research.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kuhara, S., Nitta, S., Shiodera, T. et al. Multi-ethnic evaluation of fully automatic planning assist system for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16 (Suppl 1), P76 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: