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Table 1 MR Right Heart Catheterization Pulse Sequence Parameters

From: An efficient, free-breathing protocol for MR right heart catheterization

  Tradional Localizers Multi-Slice Localizer Localizer Phase Contrast Diagnostic Phase Contrast Real-Time LAX Cine Real-Time SAX Cine Real-Time SSFP (IFE)
TR 2.66 ms 2.81 ms 4.64 ms 4.84 ms 2.58 ms 2.46 ms 2.44 ms
TE 1.13 ms 1.23 ms 2.47 ms 2.64 ms 1.13 ms 1.04 ms 1.22 ms
Matrix (Readout × Phase) 168 × 256 160 × 240 173 × 192 256 × 256 80 × 160 80 × 160 128 × 128
Slice Thickness 8.0 mm 4.5 mm 6.0 mm 6.0 mm 6.0 mm 8.0 mm 8.0 mm
Flip Angle 80° 80° 20° 20° 45° 45° 45°
Acceleration Factor 2 2 2 2 4 4 4
Cardiac Gating None None ECG/Retro ECG/Retro ECG/Trigger (1.5 Beats) ECG/Trigger (1.5 Beats) None
Scan Times 10 sec 35 sec 23 sec 2-3 min each 3 sec 35 sec Infinite Measurements