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Accelerating the acquisition of the 3D Dual Cardiac Phase technique using RPE trajectories
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 16, Article number: W38 (2014)
A 3D Dual Cardiac Phase (3D-DCP) scan was proposed to obtain systolic and diastolic images with equivalent quality and scan time compared to the 3D single cardiac phase acquisition (Uribe et al, Radiology 2008). In this work, we propose to accelerate the acquisition and reconstruction of the 3D-DCP approach by sharing information from the outer k-space of both cardiac phases using Radial Phase Encoding (RPE) trajectories (Boubertak, et al., MRM 2009) and gridding-CLEAR reconstruction
The RPE trajectory was implemented in a 1.5T Philips clinical scanner. The acquisition scheme for the diastolic phase was shifted with respect to the systolic phase. In five volunteers, a fully-sampled 3D-DCP scan was acquired using a 5-channel coils to determine the percentage of k-space that can be shared between both cardiac phases. Thereafter, undersampled 3D-DCP data with undersampling factors of 2, 4 and 8 were acquired in 10 volunteers. The fully-sampled data were retrospectively undersampled and different percentages of the outer k-space were shared between both phases. The Root Means Square Error (RMSE) was calculated between the fully-sampled image and the images reconstructed using the sharing approach. From the RMSE curve, we determined a specific percentage of the two phases that was used to reconstruct the undersampled data sets. The images were reconstructed using iterative SENSE (eight iterations) and gridding with uniform signal combination of the coils (CLEAR) for undersampling factors of 2 and 4. Finally, two experienced users performed an image quality assessment and a cardiac volume analysis.
Figure 1 shows how that the RMSE decreases when the percentage of shared information increases. It can be noted that when a 40-60% of combination is used, the RMSE is minimum. The reconstructed images are shown in Figure 2. Results of the image quality assessment showed that images obtained with undersampling factor of 4 and reconstructed with gridding-CLEAR using 50% phase combination are comparable to images reconstructed with iterative SENSE. Results of the cardiac volume analysis (not shown here) indicate no statistical differences between volumes calculated from the images obtained using the sharing strategy with an undersampling factor of 4 and the images reconstructed using iterative SENSE with an undersampling factor of 2. In addition, the proposed approach reduces the reconstruction time from 40 minutes to 60 seconds.
We have proposed a method that obtains 3D-DCP scans with an image quality equivalent to those reconstructed with iterative SENSE, but within a clinically acceptable reconstruction time.
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Letelier, K., Andia, M.E., Tejos, C. et al. Accelerating the acquisition of the 3D Dual Cardiac Phase technique using RPE trajectories. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16, W38 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-S1-W38
- Root Means Square Error
- Sharing Strategy
- Image Quality Assessment
- Reconstruction Time
- Cardiac Phase