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Using cardiac magnetic resonance and computational modelling to assess the systemic right ventricle following different Norwood procedures: a dual centre study

Background

The Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is performed either via a right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RVPA) shunt or a modified Blalock Taussig (MBT) shunt. A ventriculotomy is used to insert the RVPA shunt and results in a scar on the right ventricle (RV). The affects on ventricular shape and function are assessed

Methods

A retrospective analysis of 93 cardiac magnetic resonance scans in subjects with HLHS was performed (59 MBT shunt, 34 RVPA shunt) incorporating data from two congenital centres at varying stages of surgery. Longitudinal and short axis cine images were used to create a computational cardiac atlas and global strain was assessed using Feature Tracking analysis.

Results

Figure 1 shows the results of the three dimensional shape analysis. Those receiving a RVPA shunt had highly significant differences (p <0.00001) in remodelling of the RV corresponding to ventricular dilatation (p = 0.001) and increased sphericity (p = 0.006). Differences were evident only after scarring had occurred. Despite preserved ejection fraction in both groups, in the RVPA shunt group functional strain was reduced across multiple ventricular axes including: reduced systolic longitudinal function (strain rate p < 0.0001); reduced diastolic longitudinal function (strain rate p = 0.0001); and reduced midventricular systolic circumferential function (strain p < 0.0001).

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

Computational modelling tools reveal subtle differences in ventricular remodelling in those with HLHS undergoing a RVPA shunt with focal scarring leading to altered functional markers of strain. Although comparative early outcome data shows no differences in survival the need for continued surveillance is warranted, as effects may not become apparent until later years.

Funding

None.

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Correspondence to James Wong.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Wong, J., Lamata, P., Rathod, R.H. et al. Using cardiac magnetic resonance and computational modelling to assess the systemic right ventricle following different Norwood procedures: a dual centre study. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, M12 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-M12

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Keywords

  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
  • Right Ventricle
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
  • Preserve Ejection Fraction
  • Norwood Procedure