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Prognostic value of late gadolinium enhanced MRI in patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery; long term follow up data

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Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance201517 (Suppl 1) :P109

https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P109

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular Event
  • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  • Unstable Angina
  • Adverse Cardiac Event

Background

It has not been well evaluated whether late gadolinium enhanced (LGE)-MRI can provide prognostic information in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, especially in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Further, long-term follow-up data after MRI and CABG surgery are not available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability assessment by LGE-MRI on prognosis in patients who underwent CABG surgery.

Methods

A total 145 consecutive patients (age 64.1 ± 8.8 years; male 28%) with who underwent cine- and LGE-MRI before CABG surgery were investigated. The presence and transmurality (0, absent; 1, 1-25%; 2, 26-50%; 3, 51-75%; 4, 76-100%) of LGE was visually determined using a standard 17-segment AHA model. LGE score was defined as the sum of each segment scale. The outcome measures were adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], heart failure [HF] and unstable angina) and cardiovascular events (adverse cardiac events and stroke).

Results

LGE was observed in 93 of 145 patients (64.1%). Average number of segments with LGE was 3.3 ± 3.6, and LGE score was 7.8 ± 9.1 in the entire study cohort. During a median follow-up period of 8.7 year (Interquartile range, 7.4 to 9.5 years), 47 patients (32.4%) experienced adverse cardiovascular events (10 cardiovascular deaths, 9 MIs, 9 HFs, 18 unstable anginas and 8 vascular events). The analysis was carried out by strata according to LGE score (LGE score = 0 [n = 52]; 1-11 [n = 46]; 12-44 [n = 47]). For both adverse cardiac and cardiovascular events, high LGE score of 12-44 were significantly associated with worse event-free survival compared to those without LGE and those with LGE score of 1-11, in a subgroup with preserved LVEF ≥ 50%. In contrast, high LGE score was not associated with adverse cardiac and cardiovascular events in a subgroup with decreased LVEF < 50%. (Figure 1).
Figure 1
Figure 1

Kaplan-Meier event-free survival curves stratified by LGE score.

Conclusions

Myocardial viability assessment by LGE-MRI has impact on prognosis after CABG surgery in patients with preserved LVEF. This observation may extend the indication of viability assessment to those without severe LV dysfunction before CABG surgery.

Funding

N/A.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, the Republic of Korea
(2)
Thoracic Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, the Republic of Korea
(3)
Radiology, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, the Republic of Korea

Copyright

© Lee et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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