Head-to-head comparison of myocardial perfusion SPECT and CMR for assessment of myocardial ischemia
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 17, Article number: P119 (2015)
Myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can be used for assessment of myocardial ischemia. The methods reveal different aspects of the pathophysiology associated with myocardial ischemia where MPS is based on uptake of a perfusion tracer in viable mitochondria whereas CMR is based on first-pass perfusion reflecting coronary in-flow kinetics. The aim of this study was to perform a head-to-head comparison between MPS and CMR for assessment of myocardial ischemia under identical perfusion conditions at stress.
Ninety-six patients (34 females) were included in the study. All patients completed both gated MPS and CMR at rest and during adenosine stress. The MPS and CMR perfusion tracers were injected in the MR scanner during the same adenosine stress session. MPS images were acquired approximately one hour after the first-pass perfusion images. Qualitative image analysis for stress-induced ischemia was performed by two expert readers blinded to all clinical data.
There were disagreements between MPS and CMR in 29% (28/96) of the patients. In 17 patients CMR showed signs of stress-induced ischemia with a normal MPS and in 11 patients the MPS was positive with no signs of stress-induced ischemia with CMR (Table 1). Figure 1 shows an example of a patient where CMR shows stress-induced ischemia but no ischemia is seen with MPS. The Cohen's kappa value for the agreement between MPS and CMR regarding stress-induced ischemia was 0.15.
When assessing myocardial ischemia in patients under identical myocardial perfusion conditions at stress there are disagreements between MPS and CMR in a significant number of cases. The prognostic significance of these findings remains to be determined.
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Hedeer, F., Carlsson, M., Arheden, H. et al. Head-to-head comparison of myocardial perfusion SPECT and CMR for assessment of myocardial ischemia. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17 (Suppl 1), P119 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P119