The extent of myocardium at risk for LAD, RCA and LCx using contrast enhanced SSFP and T2-weighted imaging
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 17, Article number: P139 (2015)
Contrast enhanced SSFP (CE-SSFP) and T2-weighted triple inversion recovery imaging (T2w) have both been clinically validated for determining myocardium at risk (MaR) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), using myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) as reference standard. Previously, MPS has been used to describe the coronary perfusion territories during myocardial ischemia. Compared to MPS, CMR offers superior image quality and logistical advantages. The aim of this study was to describe the coronary perfusion territories of LAD, RCA and LCx based on CMR data using CE-SSFP and T2w in patients after ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
CE-SSFP and T2w data from the recently published international multi-center trials CHILL-MI and MITOCARE, was used to assess MaR. CE-SSFP images from 206/212 patients (6 excluded due to inability to detect MaR) and T2w images from 147/212 patients (12 excluded due to missing data, 53 due to inability to detect MaR) were included. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging was used to assess infarct size. Imaging was performed on systems from three different vendors (Siemens, Philips, GE) and data was analyzed by a core laboratory. Culprit vessel was determined using angiography.
Average size of MaR was greater for LAD (CE-SSFP: 44±10%, T2w: 44±9% of the left ventricle [LV], p-value < 0.0001) than for both LCx (CE-SSFP: 30±9%, T2w: 30±12% of the LV) and RCA (CE-SSFP: 31±7%, T2w: 30±8% of the LV). A comparison of coronary perfusion territories between CMR and previously published MPS data is shown in 1. All patients had a smaller infarct by LGE compared to MaR by CE-SSFP and all patients but one by T2w (2).
The perfusion territories of the three main coronary arteries were described using CE-SSFP and T2w in patients with acute myocardial infarction and resemble previous territories by MPS, with expected overlap between RCA and LCx.
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Nordlund, D., Heiberg, E., Carlsson, M. et al. The extent of myocardium at risk for LAD, RCA and LCx using contrast enhanced SSFP and T2-weighted imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17 (Suppl 1), P139 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P139