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CMR RV size assessment should include RV to LV volume ratio

Background

The right ventricular (RV) size responds to many cardiopulmonary diseases characterized by chronic pressure and volume overload. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is considered the "gold-standard" for RV evaluation. The RV end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area (RVEDVi) has been used for RV size assessment, but this parameter alone may not be sensitive enough to detect RV dilation due to its wide normal range and the lack of consideration of individual heart size. We sought to determine if the assessment of right to left ventricular end-diastolic volume ratio (RVEDV/LVEDV) in addition to RVEDVi increased the detection of RV dilation in the RV CMR analysis. The application of this ratio is investigated in a control and a Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) population.

Methods

Clinical CMR exams were performed on a 1.5T Siemens scanner (Avanto, Siemens Health Systems, Germany) or a 1.5 T Philips scanner (Achieva, Best, Netherland). CMR derived ventricular function and volumes were measured in a control group (n = 76) and in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (n = 46) using QMASS (Medis, Leiden, The Netherlands). Different criteria for the detection of RV enlargement, including RVEDVi and RVEDV/LVEDV ratio, were evaluated in both groups.

Results

The left and right ventricular volumes are shown in Table 1 for both control and PAH patients. The range for the RVEDV/LVEDV ratio in the normal population (mean ±2SD) was 0.93 - 1.27 in males and 0.89 - 1.29 in females (Table). When all control subjects are considered together, the mean ratio ±2SD was 0.92 - 1.28. Given its narrower distribution of normal values, the ratio of RVEDV over LVEDV better discriminated the RV size differences between control and PAH groups than the RVEDVi (Figure). Adding this ratio to RVEDVi detected RV enlargement in 19.6% PAH patients (RVEDV/LVEDV > 1.28) that were not identified by the RVEDVi alone (>102 ml/m2 for females and >114 ml/m2 for males).

Table 1 Comparison of ventricular measurements in the control and PAH groups.
figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

The addition of the RVEDV/LVEDV ratio to RVEDVi increased the sensitivity of detection of RV enlargement in a PAH population.

Funding

Cardiovascular Medical Research and Education Fund.

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Correspondence to Stephan P Altmayer.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Altmayer, S.P., Losada, N., Patel, A.R. et al. CMR RV size assessment should include RV to LV volume ratio. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 17, P394 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-17-S1-P394

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Keywords

  • Right Ventricular
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patient
  • Right Ventricular Dilation