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Quantitative assessment of myocardial mechanics in patients with cardiac amyloid using cardiovascular magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking
© Hussain et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
- Published: 3 February 2015
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Diastolic Dysfunction
- Steady State Free Precession
- Clockwise Rotation
- Cine Image
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking (FT) allows the quantitative assessment of complex ventricular mechanics such as strain, twist and untwist. LV twist results from the dynamic interplay between systolic clockwise rotation of the base and a counterclockwise rotation of the apex followed by untwisting during diastole.
We sought to determine whether strain, myocardial twist and untwist rates could be measured by CMR-FT and hypothesized that twist and untwist rates would be reduced in patients with amyloid disease as a consequence of systolic and diastolic dysfunction.
The CMR images of 62 patients with biopsy-proven amyloid, and 10 healthy volunteers were assessed with CMR-FT post-processing software (TomTec, Germany). All subjects had routine steady state free precession (SSFP) cine imaging in the short axis and 4-chamber orientations at 1.5 Tesla. Peak longitudinal (Ell), radial (Err) and circumferential endocardial (Eccendo) and circumferential epicardial (Eccepi) strain was measured. Additionally, the rotation of the basal and apical slices was measured and global LV twist θ was calculated as the difference between the overall counterclockwise (positive) rotation at the apex (φapex) and the overall clockwise rotation at the base (viewed from apex), θ = φapex- φbase.
Mean values of peak strain, peak twist and untwist rates in the amyloid cohort and in volunteers.
Mean value - peak % (+/-SD)
Sig (2 tailed)*
This study demonstrates the feasibility of measuring complex mechanics from routine cine images in patients with amyloid using CMR-FT.
The reduction in strain and twist in the amyloid patients is likely to reflect systolic dysfunction. In addition reduced untwist rates may be a measure of diastolic dysfunction.
Larger scale studies are required to validate this further, however, we have demonstrated that CMR-FT has the potential to define diastolic dysfunction from routinely acquired CMR cine images.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.