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The association of left atrial volume with age, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk factors in men and women: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 18, Article number: O65 (2016)
There are limited data assessing the association of demographics and cardiovascular risk factors with left atrial (LA) dimensions measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The aim of this study was to determine the association of LA volume with gender, demographic factors, cardiac structure and cardiovascular risk factors.
LA volume indexed to body surface area (LAVi) was measured by CMR using steady-state free precession cine long and short axis images in 2576 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (68.7 years, 53.0% women). We used gender stratified regression models to evaluate the association of LAVi as the dependent variable with demographic and cardiovascular risk factors, left ventricular (LV) parameters and diagnosis of coronary heart disease as independent variables. LAVi between ethnicities were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post-hoc analysis. To determine normal LA dimensions we also selected a group of participants with normal body mass index (≥18.5 and < 25 kg/m2), without hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, LV systolic dysfunction (defined as ejection fraction less than 50%), LV hypertrophy or atrial fibrillation (n = 285, 65.6 years, 61.8% women).
The unadjusted mean LA volume index in the whole cohort was 36.5 ± 11.4 ml/m2 and was 9% smaller in men (35.9 ± 11.1 vs. 37.0 ± 11.6 ml/m2, p < 0.05). LAVi was greater with age in men (β = 0.2 ml/m2/yr, p < 0.0001) and women (β = 0.3 ml/m2/yr, p < 0.0001). Both Chinese American men and women had significantly (p < 0.05) smaller LAVi compared to other ethnicities (Figure 2). History of coronary disease was associated with 10% larger LAVi in women (β=3.7 ml/m2, p < 0.05), but not in men (p = ns). In the normal reference cohort free of cardiovascular disease there were no differences in LAVi by gender (men 34.5 ± 9.9 ml/m2, women 36.0 ± 10.2 ml/m2, p = 0.30).
LAVi enlargement in response to age and cardiovascular diseases is different in men and women, and may be also influenced by ethnicity. However, gender did not influence LAVi in the "normal" reference cohort free of cardiovascular disease.
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Zemrak, F., Venkatesh, B.A., Captur, G. et al. The association of left atrial volume with age, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk factors in men and women: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 18, O65 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-18-S1-O65
- Cardiovascular Risk Factor
- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
- Leave Ventricular Hypertrophy
- Left Atrial
- Normal Body Mass Index