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Volume 18 Supplement 1

19th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions

The association of left atrial volume with age, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk factors in men and women: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Background

There are limited data assessing the association of demographics and cardiovascular risk factors with left atrial (LA) dimensions measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The aim of this study was to determine the association of LA volume with gender, demographic factors, cardiac structure and cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods

LA volume indexed to body surface area (LAVi) was measured by CMR using steady-state free precession cine long and short axis images in 2576 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (68.7 years, 53.0% women). We used gender stratified regression models to evaluate the association of LAVi as the dependent variable with demographic and cardiovascular risk factors, left ventricular (LV) parameters and diagnosis of coronary heart disease as independent variables. LAVi between ethnicities were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post-hoc analysis. To determine normal LA dimensions we also selected a group of participants with normal body mass index (≥18.5 and < 25 kg/m2), without hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, LV systolic dysfunction (defined as ejection fraction less than 50%), LV hypertrophy or atrial fibrillation (n = 285, 65.6 years, 61.8% women).

Results

The unadjusted mean LA volume index in the whole cohort was 36.5 ± 11.4 ml/m2 and was 9% smaller in men (35.9 ± 11.1 vs. 37.0 ± 11.6 ml/m2, p < 0.05). LAVi was greater with age in men (β = 0.2 ml/m2/yr, p < 0.0001) and women (β = 0.3 ml/m2/yr, p < 0.0001). Both Chinese American men and women had significantly (p < 0.05) smaller LAVi compared to other ethnicities (Figure 2). History of coronary disease was associated with 10% larger LAVi in women (β=3.7 ml/m2, p < 0.05), but not in men (p = ns). In the normal reference cohort free of cardiovascular disease there were no differences in LAVi by gender (men 34.5 ± 9.9 ml/m2, women 36.0 ± 10.2 ml/m2, p = 0.30).

Figure 1
figure1

Multivariable linear regression models showing associations of left atrial volume index in the full cohort with cardiovascular risk factors.

Figure 2
figure2

Chinese American men and women had smaller left atrial volume index. Boxes represent the interquartile range (IQR) and whiskers are within 1.5 *IQR, outliers are plotted as points, the line within the box represents the median, mean values presented as number, p-values of Tukey's test.

Conclusions

LAVi enlargement in response to age and cardiovascular diseases is different in men and women, and may be also influenced by ethnicity. However, gender did not influence LAVi in the "normal" reference cohort free of cardiovascular disease.

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Correspondence to Filip Zemrak.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Zemrak, F., Venkatesh, B.A., Captur, G. et al. The association of left atrial volume with age, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk factors in men and women: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 18, O65 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-18-S1-O65

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Keywords

  • Cardiovascular Risk Factor
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Leave Ventricular Hypertrophy
  • Left Atrial
  • Normal Body Mass Index