- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Reduced field-of-view stack-of-spirals enables high spatiotemporal resolution 3D perfusion imaging
© Yang et al. 2016
- Published: 27 January 2016
- Spatiotemporal Resolution
- High Spatiotemporal Resolution
- Perfusion Sequence
- Outer Volume
- Spatial Aliasing
First-pass contrast-enhanced myocardial perfusion CMR is a useful non-invasive technique for evaluating coronary artery disease. 3D perfusion imaging provides images at the same cardiac phase which may be advantageous for quantifying ischemic burden, but current techniques have limited spatiotemporal resolution. We previously presented a 3D stack-of-spiral (SoS) perfusion method, however this technique had a long temporal footprint (240 ms) and thick slices (8 mm). As the heart occupies only a small portion of the chest, reduced FOV (rFOV) techniques enable imaging over a small FOV with substantially improved sampling efficiency. We recently demonstrated a 2D outer volume suppressed (OVS) single-shot spiral perfusion sequence with a temporal resolution of 8 ms per image and whole heart coverage with 2 mm resolution. We hypothesized that application of OVS to 3D SoS perfusion imaging could reduce the temporal footprint while increasing the through-plane spatial resolution.
An OVS preparation was incorporated into a 2D single-shot (Figure 1a) and 3D SoS (Figure 1b) perfusion sequences. The OVS consisted of a non-selective adiabatic BIR-4 tip-down pulse, a 2D spiral spatially selective tip-back pulse and a spoiler to suppress signal outside the heart (Figure 1c). 2D and 3D first-pass perfusion were performed with a 0.075 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA bolus, separated by 20 min contrast washout time, in 6 subjects on a 1.5T Avanto Siemens scanner. 2D sequence parameters included: FOV 170 mm, TE 1.0 ms, TR 9 ms, SRT 80 ms, FA 90o, 8 ms per slice, 8 slices with 8 mm thickness, 2 mm2 in-plane resolution. 3D sequence parameters were similar except: SRT 150 ms, FA 35o, acquisition time 180 ms, 20 slices with 4 mm thickness. The images were reconstructed using Block LOw-rank Sparsity with Motion guidance (BLOSM) combined with SENSE.
We demonstrated the successful application of OVS to 3D SoS perfusion techniques. The improvement of sampling efficiency using OVS enables 3D imaging with a combination of high in-plane and through-plane spatial resolution and a temporal footprint of 180 ms.
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