Border sharpness of scar tissue after myocardial infarction as determined by self-navigated free-breathing isotropic 3D whole-heart inversion recovery magnetic resonance
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 18, Article number: P74 (2016)
The border zone of myocardial scar after myocardial infarction (MI) plays an important role for arrhythmia formation. For this reason, high-resolution 3D information of scar tissue for planning of electrophysiological interventions after MI is highly desirable. This study evaluates sharpness of the borders (SB) of scar after MI by a self-navigated isotropic 3D free-breathing whole-heart magnetic resonance with inversion recovery (3DSN-IR) in comparison to a standard 2D inversion recovery sequence.
Patients after MI detected by 2D late gadolinium enhancement (2D LGE) on a standard 2D inversion recovery sequence (resolution 1.3 mm2, 8 mm slice thickness) underwent 3DSN-IR on a 1.5T cardiac magnetic resonance scanner (MAGNETOM Aera, Siemens). Data acquisition was performed during the most quiescent systolic phase with a prototype 3D radial trajectory with self-navigation  after administration of 0.2 mmol/kg of Gadobutrol. A non-selective IR pulse was added prior to each acquired k-space segment to the segmented, ECG-triggered, fat-saturated radial SSFP imaging sequence with an isovolumetric resolution of 1.15 mm3. Inversion time was assessed with a 2D radial scout scan prior to 3DSN-IR. To determine SB, a customized software was used to calculate signal intensity gradients between two regions . SB in mm-1 of borders "blood pool to scar", "blood pool to non-infarcted myocardium" and "scar to non-infarcted myocardium" were compared between a 2D LGE short-axis slice with 8 mm slice thickness and two corresponding reconstructed 3DSN-IR short-axis slices, one with isovolumetric voxel size (1.15 mm3) and the second interpolated to 8 mm slice thickness, all at the same anatomical location.
Thirteen patients (5 females, 58 ± 10 y, time between 2D LGE and 3D LGE 59 ± 64 days) were included. All scars visualized by 2D LGE could be identified by 3DSN-IR. SB was significantly better in 3DSN-IR compared to 2D LGE for the borders "blood pool to non-infarcted myocardium" and "scar to non-infarcted myocardium". There was a trend to a better SB for 3DSN-IR images for the border "blood pool to scar" (see table and figure).
High resolution 3DSN-IR improves delineation of myocardial scar after MI as expressed by increased border sharpness in comparison to 2D LGE.
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Rutz, T., Ginami, G., Piccini, D. et al. Border sharpness of scar tissue after myocardial infarction as determined by self-navigated free-breathing isotropic 3D whole-heart inversion recovery magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 18 (Suppl 1), P74 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-18-S1-P74