Lower-than-normal myocardial stress and excess hypertrophy from CMR are associated with worsening ventricular contractile performance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance volume 18, Article number: P3 (2016)
Peak systolic myocardial stress was proposed as a stimulus for both adaptive and maladaptive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We aimed to map segmental myocardial stress and hypertrophy patterns in HCM and correlate them with indices of segmental contractile function.
Cine cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) (Philips Ingenia, 3T) were performed in 19 HCM and 9 normal healthy subjects, from which 3D LV geometric models (each partitioned into 16 segments: 6 basal, 6 mid, 4 distal; apex excluded) were reconstructed. For each segment, the following were determined: (1) wall thickness (h); (2) curvature radius (r), automatically using in-house customized computer algorithm; (3) regional ejection fraction (EF); (4) end-systolic myocardial stress (WS), 0.9 × SBP × r/[2 h × (1+h/2r)], wherein SBP is systolic blood pressure; (5) area strain (AS) (which integrates circumferential, radial, longitudinal deformation and torsion), ln(ASes/ASed), wherein ASed and ASes are end-diastolic and -systolic surface areas, respectively; and (6) stress-corrected AS (Sc-AS), expressed as ratio of AS and AS_predicted, the latter based on a regression equation derived from the normal subjects (AS_predicted = 0.445+3.329/WS). All segments in HCM patients were stratified into two groups: Group 1 with lower-than-normal myocardial stress (myocardial stress <7.6 kN/m2) and excess hypertrophy (end-diastolic wall thickness ≥15 mm); Group 2 comprising all other segments. All segments from healthy subjects were considered normal reference.
Table 1. 14% (43/304) of HCM segments had Group 1 features. Segment regional EF were preserved, but WS, AS and Sc-AS were all decreased in HCM (worse in Group 1 than 2) compared to normal segments.
Lower-than-normal myocardial stress and excess hypertrophy is associated with worse segmental ventricular contractile performance.
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Zhong, L., Zhao, X., Teo, S.K. et al. Lower-than-normal myocardial stress and excess hypertrophy from CMR are associated with worsening ventricular contractile performance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 18 (Suppl 1), P3 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-18-S1-P3